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Common Medical Conditions and Diseases

These conditions were often listed on death certificates and have been listed with their more recently known common name in the right column.

If there are any updates, corrections or additional information, please send me an email.

 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

AGUE

malarial fever

APOPLEXY

stroke

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BAD BLOOD

syphilis

BILIOUS FEVER

fever due to a liver disorder

BLACK PLAGUE/BLACK DEATH

bubonic plague

BLACK POX

black smallpox

BLACK VOMIT

vomiting old (black) blood due to ulcers or yellow fever

BLOOD POISONING

bacterial infection; septicemia

BLOODY FLUX

dysentery

BLOODY SWEAT

sweating sickness

BONE SHAVE

sciatica

BREAKBONE

dengue fever

BRIGHT'S DISEASE

kidney disease, glomerulonephritis

BRONZE JOHN

yellow fever

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CACHEXY

malnutrition

CACOGASTRIC

upset stomach

CACOSPYSY

irregular pulse

CAMP FEVER

typhoid fever, aka camp diarrhea

CATALEPSY

condition which causes seizures, trances, or unconsciousness

CATARRH

runny eyes & nose, influenza

CHILBLAIN

swelling of the extremities cause by exposure to cold

CHILDBED FEVER

infection following childbirth, puerperal fever

CHIN COUGH

whooping cough

CHLOROSIS

condition of pale or greenish skin, weakness, & dyspepsia

CHOLECYSTITIS

inflammation of the gall bladder

CHOLELITHIASIS

stones of the gall bladder

CHOREA

disease characterized by convulsions, contortions, and dancing

COLD PLAGUE

ague which is characterized by chills

CONGESTIVE CHILLS

malaria

CONSUMPTION

pulmonary tuberculosis

CRAMP COLIC

appendicitis

CROP SICKNESS

overextended stomach

CROUP

laryngitis, diphtheria, or strep throat

CYANOSIS

blueness of skin due to lack of oxygen

CYNANCHE

diseases of the throat

CYSTITIS

inflammation of the bladder

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DAY FEVER

a fever lasting one day, sweating sickness

DECREPITUDE

feebleness due to old age

DELIRIUM TREMENS

hallucinations due to alcoholism

DENGUE

infectious fever endemic to East Africa

DENTITION

cutting of the teeth

DEPLUMATION

tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss

DIARY FEVER

a fever lasting one day

DIPTHERIA

contagious disease of the throat

DOCK FEVER

yellow fever

DROPSY

congestive heart failure

DROPSY OF THE BRAIN

encephalitis

DRY BELLYACHE

lead poisoning

DYSCRASY

an abnormal body condition

DYSOREXY

reduced appetite

DYSPEPSIA

bad digestion

DYSURY

difficulty in urination

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ECLAMPSY

symptoms of epilepsy, convulsions during labor

ECSTASY

a form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason

EDEMA

nephrosis, swelling of tissues

EDEMA OF LUNGS

congestive heart failure, a form of dropsy

EEL THING

erysipelas

ELEPHANTIASIS

a form of leprosy

ENCEPHALITIS

swelling of the brain, aka sleeping sickness

ENTERIC FEVER

typhoid fever

ENTEROCOLITIS

inflammation of the intestines

ENTERITIS

inflammation of the bowels

EPISTAXIS

nose bleed

ERYSIPELAS

skin disease caused by an infection of the blood, aka St. Anthony's Fire

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FATTY LIVER

cirrhosis of the liver

FLUX

discharge of fluid from the body

FLUX OF HUMOR

circulation

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GATHERING

a collection of pus

GLANDULAR FEVER

mononucleosis

GRIPPE

the flu; influenza

GROCER'S ITCH

skin disease caused by mites in sugar and flour

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HEART SICKNESS

condition cause by loss of salt from the body

HECTICAL COMPLAINT

recurrent fever

HEMATEMESIS

vomiting blood

HEMATURIA

bloody urine

HEMIPLEGY

paralysis of one side of the body

HORRORS

delirium tremens

HYDROCEPHALUS

dropsy of the brain, water on the brain

HYDROPERICARDIUM

heart dropsy

HYDROPHOBIA

fear of water, rabies

HYDROTHORAX

dropsy in the chest

HYERTROPY OF HEART

enlarged heart

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IMPETIGO

contagious skin disease characterized by pustules

INFANTILE PARALYSIS

polio

INTESTINAL COLIC

abdominal pain due to improper diet

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JAIL FEVER

typhus

JAUNDICE

condition caused by blockage of the intestines

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KEUCHHUSTEN

whooping cough

KING'S EVIL

scrofula

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LOCK JAW

tetanus

LUNG FEVER

pneumonia

LUNG SICKNESS

tuberculosis

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MARASMUS

condition caused by malnutrition or intestinal disease

MENINGITIS

inflammation of the brain or spinal cord

MIASMA

poisonous vapors thought to infect the air

MILK FEVER

fever which effects lactating women

MILK SICKNESS

disease from the milk from cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds

MORMAL

gangrene

MORPHEW

scurvy blisters on the body

MYELITIS

inflammation of the spine

MYOCARDITIS

inflammation of the heart muscles

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NECROSIS

mortification of bones or tissue

NEPHRITIS

inflammation of the kidneys

NEPHROSIS

kidney degeneration

NEURALGIA

affliction of the nerves causing pain

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PALSY

paralysis or loss of muscle control

PAROXYSM

convulsion

PEMPHIGUS

skin disease of watery blisters

PERICARDITIS

inflammation of the heart

PERIPNEUMONIA

inflammation of the lungs

PERITONITIS

inflammation of the abdominal area

PETECHIAL FEVER

fever characterized by spotting of the skin

PHTHIRIASIS

lice infestation

PHTHISIS

wasting away of the body due to tuberculosis or consumption

PLEURISY

inflammation of the thorax

PODAGRA

gout

POLIOMYELITIS

polio

POTTER'S ASTHMA

fibroid phthisis

POTT'S DISEASE

tuberculosis of the spine

PUERPERAL EXHAUSTION

death due to childbirth

PUERPERAL FEVER

septic poisoning associated with childbirth

PUKING FEVER

milk sickness

PUTRID FEVER

typhus or diphtheria

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QUINSY

streptococcal tonsillitis

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REMITTING FEVER

malaria

RHEUMATISM

disease of the joints

RICKETS

disease of the skeletal system

RUBEOLA

German measles

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SAINT ANTHONY'S FIRE

erysipelas

SAINT VITUS' DANCE

chorea

SCARIATINA

scarlet fever

SCARLET FEVER

a disease characterized by a red rash and sore throat

SCARLET RASH

roseola

SCIATICA

rheumatism in the hips

SCIRRHUS

cancerous tumors

SCOTOMY

dizziness, nausea, and dimness of sight

SCRIVENER'S PALSY

writer's cramp

SCROFULA

tuberculosis of the neck lymph nodes

SCRUMPOX

skin disease, impetigo

SEPTICEMIA

blood poisoning

SHAKES

delirium tremens

SHAKING

chills, ague

SHINGLES

viral diseases characterized by skin blisters

SHIP FEVER

typhus

SIRASIS

inflammation of the brain due to sun exposure

SLOES

milk sickness

SMALL POX

contagious disease characterized by fever and blisters

SOFTENING OF THE BRAIN

apoplexy

SPANISH INFLUENZA

an epidemic influenza

SPINA BIFIDA

deformity of the spine

SPOTTED FEVER

typhus, cerebrospinal meningitis fever

SPRUE

tropical disease characterized by intestinal disorders and sore throat

STOMATITIS

inflammation of the mouth

STRANGER'S FEVER

yellow fever

SUDOR ANGLICUS

sweating sickness

SUMMER COMPLAINT

diarrhoea

SWEATING SICKNESS

infectious & fatal disease common to the UK in the 15th century

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TETANUS

infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache, dizziness

THROMBOSIS

blood clot inside a blood vessel

THRUSH

childhood disease characterized by white spots on the mouth, lips, and throat

TOXEMIA OF PREGNANCY

eclampsia

TUSSIS CONVULSIVA

whooping cough

TYPHUS

infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache, dizziness

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VIPER'S DANCE

Saint Vitus' Dance

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WINTER FEVER

pneumonia